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Short Answer Questions

1. A patient involved in a motor vehicle accident has an abdominal trauma and is losing blood. The paramedics arrive, start and IV, and administer normal saline solution. Why do you think paramedics give normal saline solution and not blood in the ambulance?

2. Why might a physician be reluctant to order a blood transfusion unless absolutely necessary?

3. Even without a blood transfusion hematocrit can improve despite normal fluid volume. How does this happen and how long does it take?

4. Besides the HCT, what other component of blood is measured to give a better understanding of oxygen-carrying capacity? Explain your answer.

  1. What is the relationship between blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate when there is blood loss? Explain.

*Some questions adapted from Pearson’s Mastering Instructor Resources for Amerman, E. C. (2019) Human anatomy & physiology (2nd ed.).

Assignment Expectations

Length: 750-1200 words

Structure: Include a title page and reference page in APA style. These do not count towards the minimal word amount for this assignment. Please include an introduction paragraph and a conclusion paragraph for the case study.

References: Use the appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. Include at least two (2) scholarly sources to support your claims.

Format: Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word document (.doc or .docx).